Executive Summary

Title HTTP Request Smuggling in Web Proxies
Name VU#357312 First vendor Publication 2021-08-06
Vendor VU-CERT Last vendor Modification 2021-08-12
Severity (Vendor) N/A Revision M

Security-Database Scoring CVSS v3

Cvss vector : N/A
Overall CVSS Score NA
Base Score NA Environmental Score NA
impact SubScore NA Temporal Score NA
Exploitabality Sub Score NA
Calculate full CVSS 3.0 Vectors scores

Security-Database Scoring CVSS v2

Cvss vector :
Cvss Base Score N/A Attack Range N/A
Cvss Impact Score N/A Attack Complexity N/A
Cvss Expoit Score N/A Authentication N/A
Calculate full CVSS 2.0 Vectors scores



HTTP web proxies and web accelerators that support HTTP/2 for an HTTP/1.1 backend webserver are vulnerable to HTTP Request Smuggling.


The affected systems allow invalid characters such as carriage return and newline characters in HTTP/2 headers. When an attacker passes these invalid contents to a vulnerable system, the forwarded HTTP/1 request includes the unintended malicious data. This is commonly known as HTTP Request Splitting. In the case of HTTP web proxies, this vulnerability can lead to HTTP Request smuggling, which enables an attacker to access protected internal sites.


An attacker can send a crafted HTTP/2 request with malicious content to bypass network security measures, thereby reaching internal protected servers and accessing sensitive data.


Apply updates

Install vendor-provided patches and updates to ensure malicious HTTP/2 content is blocked or rejected as described in RFC 7540 (Section and RFC 7540 (Section 10.3). Both "request" and "response" should be inspected by the web proxy and rejected in accordance with Stream Error Handling as described in RFC 7450 (Section 5.4.2).

Inspect and block anomalous HTTP/2 traffic

If HTTP/2 is not supported, block the protocol on the web proxies to avoid abuse of HTTP/2 protocol. Where HTTP/2 is supported, enforce strict rules for HTTP header checks to ensure malicious headers are normalized or rejected.
Checks of this type include: * HTTP Headers with invalid Header name or value * HTTP Headers with invalid or no content-length * Unsupported or invalid HTTP methods

Test and verify your web proxy

Scan your public web server proxy with OWASP recommended tests to ensure your web servers are not vulnerable to abuse via HTTP response splitting.


Thanks to the reporter James Kettle of PortSwigger for the information about this vulnerability.

This document was written by Timur Snoke.

Original Source

Url : https://kb.cert.org/vuls/id/357312

Alert History

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Date Informations
2021-09-23 17:17:41
  • Multiple Updates
2021-08-12 17:17:41
  • Multiple Updates
2021-08-09 17:17:38
  • Multiple Updates
2021-08-06 17:17:38
  • First insertion