Local Code Inclusion
Attack Pattern ID: 251 (Standard Attack Pattern Completeness: Stub)Typical Severity: MediumStatus: Draft
+ Description


The attacker forces an application to load arbitrary code files from the local machine. The attacker could use this to try to load old versions of library files that have known vulnerabilities, to load files that the attacker placed on the local machine during a prior attack, or to otherwise change the functionality of the targeted application in unexpected ways.

+ Attack Prerequisites

The targeted application must have a bug that allows an attacker to control which code file is loaded at some juncture.

Some variants of this attack may require that old versions of some code files be present and in predictable locations.

+ Resources Required

The attacker needs to have enough access to the target application to control the identity of a locally included file. The attacker may also need to be able to upload arbitrary code files to the target machine, although any location for these files may be acceptable.

+ Related Vulnerabilities
Vulnerability IDRelationship Description

Directory traversal vulnerability in framework/Image/Image.php in Horde before 3.2.4 and 3.3.3 and Horde Groupware before 1.1.5 allows remote attackers to include and execute arbitrary local files via directory traversal sequences in the Horde_Image driver name.

+ Related Attack Patterns
NatureTypeIDNameDescriptionView(s) this relationship pertains toView\(s\)
ChildOfAttack PatternAttack Pattern175Code Inclusion 
Mechanism of Attack (primary)1000