Executive Summary



This Alert is flagged as TOP 25 Common Weakness Enumeration from CWE/SANS. For more information, you can read this.
Summary
Title Linux kernel (Azure) vulnerabilities
Informations
Name USN-3777-3 First vendor Publication 2018-10-23
Vendor Ubuntu Last vendor Modification 2018-10-23
Severity (Vendor) N/A Revision N/A

Security-Database Scoring CVSS v3

Cvss vector : N/A
Overall CVSS Score NA
Base Score NA Environmental Score NA
impact SubScore NA Temporal Score NA
Exploitabality Sub Score NA
 
Calculate full CVSS 3.0 Vectors scores

Security-Database Scoring CVSS v2

Cvss vector : (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:C)
Cvss Base Score 8.3 Attack Range Network
Cvss Impact Score 8.5 Attack Complexity Medium
Cvss Expoit Score 8.6 Authentication None Required
Calculate full CVSS 2.0 Vectors scores

Detail

A security issue affects these releases of Ubuntu and its derivatives:

- Ubuntu 18.04 LTS - Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Summary:

Several security issues were fixed in the Linux kernel.

Software Description: - linux-azure: Linux kernel for Microsoft Azure Cloud systems

Details:

USN-3777-1 fixed vulnerabilities in the Linux kernel for Ubuntu 18.04 %LTS. This update provides the corresponding updates for the Linux kernel for Azure Cloud systems.

Jann Horn discovered that the vmacache subsystem did not properly handle sequence number overflows, leading to a use-after-free vulnerability. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2018-17182)

It was discovered that the paravirtualization implementation in the Linux kernel did not properly handle some indirect calls, reducing the effectiveness of Spectre v2 mitigations for paravirtual guests. A local attacker could use this to expose sensitive information. (CVE-2018-15594)

It was discovered that microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and prediction of return addresses via Return Stack Buffer (RSB) may allow unauthorized memory reads via sidechannel attacks. An attacker could use this to expose sensitive information. (CVE-2018-15572)

Jann Horn discovered that microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and branch prediction may allow unauthorized memory reads via sidechannel attacks. This flaw is known as Spectre. A local attacker could use this to expose sensitive information, including kernel memory. (CVE-2017-5715)

It was discovered that a stack-based buffer overflow existed in the iSCSI target implementation of the Linux kernel. A remote attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash). (CVE-2018-14633)

Jann Horn and Ken Johnson discovered that microprocessors utilizing speculative execution of a memory read may allow unauthorized memory reads via a sidechannel attack. This flaw is known as Spectre Variant 4. A local attacker could use this to expose sensitive information, including kernel memory. (CVE-2018-3639)

It was discovered that a memory leak existed in the IRDA subsystem of the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (kernel memory exhaustion). (CVE-2018-6554)

It was discovered that a use-after-free vulnerability existed in the IRDA implementation in the Linux kernel. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2018-6555)

Update instructions:

The problem can be corrected by updating your system to the following package versions:

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS:
linux-image-4.15.0-1025-azure 4.15.0-1025.26
linux-image-azure 4.15.0.1025.25

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS:
linux-image-4.15.0-1025-azure 4.15.0-1025.26~16.04.1
linux-image-azure 4.15.0.1025.31

After a standard system update you need to reboot your computer to make all the necessary changes.

ATTENTION: Due to an unavoidable ABI change the kernel updates have been given a new version number, which requires you to recompile and reinstall all third party kernel modules you might have installed. Unless you manually uninstalled the standard kernel metapackages (e.g. linux-generic, linux-generic-lts-RELEASE, linux-virtual, linux-powerpc), a standard system upgrade will automatically perform this as well.

References:
https://usn.ubuntu.com/usn/usn-3777-3
https://usn.ubuntu.com/usn/usn-3777-1
CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2018-14633, CVE-2018-15572, CVE-2018-15594,
CVE-2018-17182, CVE-2018-3639, CVE-2018-6554, CVE-2018-6555

Package Information:
https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/linux-azure/4.15.0-1025.26
https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/linux-azure/4.15.0-1025.26~16.04.1

Original Source

Url : http://www.ubuntu.com/usn/USN-3777-3

CWE : Common Weakness Enumeration

% Id Name
29 % CWE-416 Use After Free
29 % CWE-203 Information Exposure Through Discrepancy
14 % CWE-787 Out-of-bounds Write (CWE/SANS Top 25)
14 % CWE-772 Missing Release of Resource after Effective Lifetime
14 % CWE-200 Information Exposure

CPE : Common Platform Enumeration

TypeDescriptionCount
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 3
Application 1
Application 4
Application 3
Application 197
Application 1
Application 6
Application 2
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Application 1
Hardware 7
Hardware 32
Hardware 6
Hardware 9
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 30
Hardware 10
Hardware 23
Hardware 114
Hardware 171
Hardware 170
Hardware 9
Hardware 3
Hardware 2
Hardware 1
Hardware 3
Hardware 4
Hardware 7
Hardware 2
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 47
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 82
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 62
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 64
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 11
Hardware 15
Hardware 8
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 2
Hardware 3
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Hardware 1
Os 9
Os 3
Os