Executive Summary

Summary
Title GIGABYTE BRIX UEFI firmware fails to implement write protection and is not cryptographically signed
Informations
NameVU#507496First vendor Publication2017-03-31
VendorVU-CERTLast vendor Modification2017-03-31
Severity (Vendor) N/ARevisionM

Security-Database Scoring CVSS v2

Cvss vector : (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)
Cvss Base Score10Attack RangeNetwork
Cvss Impact Score10Attack ComplexityLow
Cvss Expoit Score10AuthenticationNone Required
Calculate full CVSS 2.0 Vectors scores

Detail

Vulnerability Note VU#507496

GIGABYTE BRIX UEFI firmware fails to implement write protection and is not cryptographically signed

Original Release date: 31 Mar 2017 | Last revised: 31 Mar 2017

Overview

GIGABYTE BRIX UEFI firmware for the GB-BSi7H-6500 and GB-BXi7-5775 platforms, versions vF6 and vF2 respectively, fails to properly set the BIOSWE, BLE, SMM_BWP, and PRx bits to enforce write protection. It also is not cryptographically signed. These issues may permit an attacker to write arbitrary code to the platform firmware, potentially allowing for persistent firmware level rootkits or the creation of a permanent denial of service condition in the platform.

Description

CWE-693: Protection Mechanism Failure - CVE-2017-3197

GIGABYTE UEFI firmware for the GB-BSi7H-6500 and GB-BXi7-5775 platforms fails to properly set the BIOSWE, BLE, SMM_BWP, and PRx bits. As a result, the BIOS is not protected from arbitrary write access and may permit modifications to the SPI flash.

CWE-345: Insufficient Verification of Data Authenticity - CVE-2017-3198

GIGABYTE UEFI firmware for the GB-BSi7H-6500 and GB-BXi7-5775 platforms is not cryptographically signed and is served over HTTP from the vendor's support pages without a checksum. An attacker in the position to do so may introduce arbitrary modifications to the firmware that the system has no means to detect.

Note that the affected GIGABYTE firmware is a vulnerable implementation of an AMI reference design that does not, by default, appear to be affected by these issues. For more information about these findings, refer to the Cylance advisories, CLVA-2017-01-001 and CLVA-2017-01-002.

Impact

A local, authenticated attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of system firmware, potentially allowing for persistent firmware level rootkits or the creation of a permanent denial of service condition in the platform.

Solution

The vendor has indicated that firmware version F7 for the GB-BSi7H-6500 will be released in April to address these issues. Users should monitor the product page or contact the vendor for update availability.

The vendor has indicated that the GB-BXi7-5775 is end of life and will not receive new firmware.

The CERT/CC is currently unaware of a practical solution for these problems.

Vendor Information (Learn More)

VendorStatusDate NotifiedDate Updated
GIGABYTEAffected24 Jan 201722 Mar 2017
If you are a vendor and your product is affected, let us know.

CVSS Metrics (Learn More)

GroupScoreVector
Base6.0AV:L/AC:H/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C
Temporal5.1E:POC/RL:ND/RC:UR
Environmental7.1CDP:MH/TD:ND/CR:ND/IR:H/AR:ND

References

  • https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/693.html
  • https://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/353.html
  • http://www.gigabyte.us/Mini-PcBarebone/GB-BSi7H-6500-rev-10
  • http://www.gigabyte.us/Mini-PcBarebone/GB-BXi7-5775-rev-10
  • https://github.com/CylanceVulnResearch/disclosures/blob/master/CLVA-2017-01-001.md
  • https://github.com/CylanceVulnResearch/disclosures/blob/master/CLVA-2017-01-002.md

Credit

Thanks to Alex Matrosov of Cylance for reporting these vulnerabilities.

This document was written by Joel Land.

Other Information

  • CVE IDs:CVE-2017-3197CVE-2017-3198
  • Date Public:31 Mar 2017
  • Date First Published:31 Mar 2017
  • Date Last Updated:31 Mar 2017
  • Document Revision:31

Feedback

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Original Source

Url : http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/507496

CWE : Common Weakness Enumeration

%idName
50 %CWE-310Cryptographic Issues
50 %CWE-20Improper Input Validation

CPE : Common Platform Enumeration

TypeDescriptionCount
Hardware1
Hardware1
Os1
Os1

Alert History

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0
1
2
DateInformations
2018-09-10 17:23:39
  • Multiple Updates
2018-07-10 00:21:04
  • Multiple Updates
2017-03-31 21:20:45
  • First insertion